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Camino de Santiago training. A Zero to Hero program

You’ve been thinking about walking the Camino de Santiago for years and now finally you have time to do it? If you don’t know where to start planning and how to get into better walking shape for your first pilgrimage we have a lot of useful information on the Camino de Santiago on our site. This particular post is dedicated to training for the Camino. 

Over the last 4 years, we’ve walked 9 different Camino de Santiago routes and had all of it the bad, the good, and the ugly. From our Camino experience, we can say that the right preparation is the key to success. 

Pilgrims training for the Camino
It’s recommended for pilgrims prepare for the Camino before starting the walk

Do I need to train for the Camino de Santiago?

If you’re a relatively fit person who does cardio training, regular walking, or hiking you still might need some Camino training. Don’t underestimate the walk as we did with our first Camino. I’d suggest putting on distance by walking 25+ km/15,5+ mi with a backpack every day for about a week or two wearing the shoes you’re going to use on the Camino. If you don’t have time for this you will be fine on the Camino if you stick to moderate distances, between 20 km/12,4 mi and 25 km/15,4 mi per day in the beginning, and gradually increase them as you go on. 

We walked the Portuguese Camino from Lisbon and from the beginning started with very long distances about 35-40 km/21-25 mi per day. After several days like that our feet were destroyed! We had blisters and could barely walk. We’d done a lot of high-altitude hiking and climbing before and considered walking the Camino an easy stroll. We were very wrong! To walk 600 – 800 km (depending on the Camino route) is not that easy. You do get tired, frustrated, annoyed, get blisters, etc. 

Things you need to know before walking the Camino de Santiago

How long should you train for the Camino?

If you don’t exercise/walk regularly I’d suggest starting training for the Camino at least 3 months before the planned pilgrimage. The earlier you start the better. Walking is a good exercise with many health benefits it’s worth giving it a try. The great thing about walking is that you don’t need any special gear (except maybe shoes). You can practice it anywhere; in a city, town, countryside, park, mountains, gym, etc.

If you have any Camino questions check our Camino de Santiago FAQ post where you can find answers to some of the most popular pilgrims’ questions.

Insurance for the Camino de Santiago. Walking every day for weeks with a backpack is physically challenging it’s highly recommended to have Camino travel insurance in case you need some sort of medical assistance. Blisters, shins splints, and knee injuries are the most common problems that pilgrims deal with on the Camino.

The training program for the Camino de Santiago

Camino training stage 1. Weeks 1 to 4

Start your training by walking 5 km/3,1 mi a day 3 times a week. It takes between 1 hour to 1h30min. to walk this distance at an average pace. It’s better if you cover 5 km/3,1 mi in one go. If you feel comfortable with the distance after one week you can start increasing it by adding 1-2 km/0,6-1,2 mi every week till you reach 10 km/6,2 mi. (about 2 to 2.5 hours walking).

After a week or two of walking, you can start adding some weight. First just a small backpack with water and snacks. Make it more or less 2 kg/4,4 lbs. You can add a book for extra weight. 

If you’re a relatively fit person you might as well skip the first stage and start your training with stage 2. 

Camino is both physical and mental challenge that requires preparation and training
Walking the Camino is a mental challenge as well. Prepare yourself for ups and downs

Camino training stage 2. Weeks 5 to 9

If walking 10 km/6,2 mi with a light backpack is easy enough for you, start increasing your distance. Add 1-2 km/0,6-1,2 mi per week until you reach 15 km/9,3 mi. If you walk 4 to 5 km/h (avg walking speed with a pack) 15 km takes about 3 to 4 hours to walk. You can increase the backpack weight to 4 kg/8,8 lbs. 

You can start adding some hills to your daily walks especially if you’re planning to walk one of the “mountain routes” (Camino Primitivo, some parts of the Camino del Norte, the walk over the Pyrenees at the beginning of the Camino Frances).

When your distances go over 10-15 km/6,2-9,3 mi you can start taking breaks or splitting your walks into two parts. On most days on the Camino pilgrims stop at least once for coffee, breakfast, or lunch. You’ll definitely have some breaks during your walk.

Camino de Santiago training stage 3. Weeks 10 to 13

Continue increasing your daily distances by 1-2 km/0,6-1,2 mi till you reach 20 km/12,4 mi. Pack your backpack for the Camino to see how heavy it’ll be and continue walking carrying that weight. Try to make it 6-7 kg/13,2-15,4 lbs the lighter the better. 

By the end of the 3rd month, you should be able to walk 20 km/12,4 mi with a 6-7 kg/13,2-15,4 lbs backpack comfortably. At a comfortable walking pace, this takes more or less 4 to 5 hours.

Camino training stage 4. Weeks 14+

If you have more time before starting the Camino you can continue training. It’s very likely you’ll have longer walking days, over 20 km/12,4 mi. Once a week you can do a 25-kilometer/15,5 mi hike/walk with a backpack. 

If due to the weather conditions or for any other reasons you can’t walk outside, walking on a treadmill is always an option. It has several advantages, first of all, you don’t depend on the weather. Second, you can adjust the incline to train walking the hills which is great especially if the area where you live has no hills or mountains. Third, once you’re in the gym you might get inspired and add some extra workouts to your training and get into better shape. 

You can set your own walking challenge; it might encourage you to keep up with your walking routine. Find out how long is the Camino route that you’re planning to walk and see how much time it will take you to complete it. After every day of your training add up the distance till you reach your goal.

Alya before walking the Camino del Norte
Alya at the start of the Camino del Norte. If you’re planning to walk this route training is recommended

Recommended gear for the Camino training

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I’d strongly recommend buying a pair of hiking shoes (if you don’t have one) that you’re going to walk in. This way you can start walking in your new shoes from the beginning of your training. It’s not a good idea to walk the Camino in brand-new shoes. It increases your chances of getting blisters a lot. Find out the pros and cons of wearing different types of shoes on the Camino de Santiago.

A week or two into your Camino training if you feel comfortable you can start walking with a backpack. It’ll be good to use the same backpack that you’re planning to walk the Camino with. I’d recommend a 35-40L backpack for the Camino walk it should be enough to pack all you need. Remember, the bigger your pack the more stuff you end up packing into it. You can start training with a small backpack carrying just water and some snacks and increase its weight gradually. 

If you’re planning to use a luggage transfer service and walk with a daypack then use a small backpack for training. A 15-20L backpack will be big enough to use as a daypack on the Camino.

If you need more information on what shoes and backpack to buy for the walk check out our Camino de Santiago packing list.

Another item that works great for the Camino training is a GPS watch. It’s not as essential as having good shoes and a backpack but it helps a lot for training. You can track distances, heart rate, burned calories, progress, and set goals. We both have Garmin Fenix 5 GPS watches and use them a lot every day when we go running, swimming, walking, or training in the gym as well as when we walk the Camino.

How to reduce physical exhaustion on the Camino?

Even if you trained before starting the pilgrimage and are used to walking, try to walk more or less 20 km/12,4 mi per day during the first week on the Camino. If you feel tired or start getting blisters, rather stop early or even take a day off. Don’t push yourself hard from the start, just take it easy. After a week or two of walking, you can start increasing your distances and will be able to catch up with your itinerary. One of our main Camino de Santiago tips is always to listen to your body and walk at your own pace. 

Campbell walking in the mountains on the Camino
Campbell on the Camino Primitivo after conquering a very steep ascent. It’s recommended to include hills in your Camino training if you’re going to walk this route

Mental preparation for the Camino de Santiago

Physical challenges are only a part of the Camino walk. Usually, it’s easier to prepare and train for it. A long walk is a mental challenge as well. Sometimes it’s a bigger deal than tiredness and blisters especially if it’s your first long walk. Walking the Camino is not always fun and exciting with a lot of interesting things to see. It can be frustrating, uninspiring, and even boring sometimes.

Prepare that you’ll be forced to go outside your comfort zone on the Camino for many reasons:

  • Long walking days
  • Bad weather
  • People speaking a different language
  • Every night you share a dormitory with many other pilgrims
  • You couldn’t sleep because there was a snorer in your dorm
  • You feel lonely
  • Lack of privacy
  • You got bitten by bedbugs etc. the list just can go on.

It’s difficult to train for these kinds of situations. All you can do is acknowledge them and mentally prepare. The best is always to stay positive and don’t let them completely spoil the pilgrimage.

If you start feeling emotionally overwhelmed from being surrounded by strangers, not having any privacy, or just need a good sleep I recommend finding a private room. When I walked the French Camino alone I met many people and really enjoyed the company but at least once a week (sometimes more often if I could find a budget room) I stayed in a private room.

If you feel like you need a break, find a private room for a night or two to rest and relax before continuing the walk. Don’t worry about falling behind on your itinerary. In the worst case, you can skip a stage or two and take a bus/a train to catch up. It’s important to enjoy the walk and not to stress out because of it.

Inspirational books for your Camino de Santiago training

Questions or Comments?

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Monday 9th of October 2023

Thanks for your blog - it’s very informative and I’ve read a number of very helpful things on it! For this post, I’d love if you could also address people who start off not being able to walk 3 miles at a time - maybe add a section of training tips for those of us who have an illness or a disability or are more out of shape:)

Lisanne O’LOUGHLIN oughlin

Sunday 7th of May 2023

I want to know about the Portuguese Camino vs the English Camino, we want hotel accommodation and to take some days off in a town or near beach. Can you help?

Stingy Nomads

Tuesday 9th of May 2023

Hello Lisanne. Thank you for the comment. We have detailed posts on both Camino routes where you can find a lot of information. and How long do you want to walk? The Portuguese Camino from Porto takes 12-14 days while the Camino Ingles is a lot shorter, you can walk it in 5 days. There are hotels on both routes. As for taking days off to stay in a town or at the beach, the Portuguese Camino has more to offer. There are more nice towns to spend a day in than on the Camino Ingles. If you walk the Coastal Route of the Portuguese Camino you can stay in towns by the beach. There are some very nice places there. Buen Camino

Philip Lima

Sunday 12th of February 2023


I’m considering the Camino from Lisboa. However, At 198cm tall I’m concerned that beds in albergues will be too short for me, especially if the bottoms of the beds have feet or bars across them.

Any thoughts about this, suggestions about alternatives to albergues?

Thank you

Stingy Nomads

Saturday 18th of February 2023

Hello Philip. Thank you for the comment. It might be a problem as most beds in albergues are bunk beds and they do have bars. I would suggest private accommodation as an alternative the only problem is that the Camino route from Lisbon doesn't have many places to stay your choices are quite limited. More popular Camino routes (e.g. Camino Frances, Camino Portuguese from Porto) have more accommodation options it will be easier to find a suitable place. Some private albergues have larger bunk beds with more space you might consider staying rather in private albergues than in public. Buen Camino

Kerri Franks

Friday 27th of January 2023

Plan on going April 2025

Hilary Finch

Monday 9th of January 2023

I am in my 60s and although I walk every day with my dog I would not say I was very fit, also a bit overweight! My knees are my main concern and I plan to do the Portuguese Camino next September so I would like to start training in Spring. I will be walking alone, although I am happy to meet people on the way. It will be a budget trip, but important for me not just a vacation. Am I being realistic?


Tuesday 31st of October 2023

@Hilary Finch, Hi Hilary, I too am in my 60s and am really interested in walking parts of the Camino. I hope your walk was all you wanted it to be. I'd be really interested in hearing how it was if you have any time.

Stingy Nomads

Wednesday 11th of January 2023

Hello Hilary. Thank you for the comment. If you want to walk the Camino in September and start training now you should be able to do it. Walking the last 100 km on the Portuguese Camino from Tui or on the Camino Frances from Sarris might be a good option for you. You can split the route into several stages that you walk not more than 15 km/9 mi per day. Both routes have plenty of albergues (budget hostels for pilgrims) so finding accommodation shouldn't be a problem. I would definitely suggest doing more walking on a daily basis. Start putting on distance, try to walk 2-3 km/2 mi per day and increase the distance every week or two. You don't have to walk 10+km/6+mi every day just a couple of times a week to see if you can manage the distance. Buen Camino

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